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Horticulture and Natural Resources

Horticulture and Natural Resources
Kansas State University
1712 Claflin Rd-2021 TH
Manhattan, KS 66506

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Horticultural Therapy Research

Applied and basic research in horticultural therapy and the broader discipline of human issues in horticulture has been conducted for more than 30 years at K-State. Studies have been conducted to understand horticultural therapy in the context of different population groups and different program types. More basic research has been done to understand the fundamental human physiological response to plants and nature. Current research projects are:

  • The use of school gardens as an overweight and obesity prevention intervention
  • The role of gardening in promoting or maintaining health and well-being in older adults
  • A comparison of horticulture with other diversion activities used with children in a long-term mental health clinic

Below you will find the citations for dissertations, theses, and publications from the horticultural therapy research at K-State.

Population Groups

Older Adults
Adults with Special Needs
College Students
Youth

Health Outcomes

Arthritis
Cognition
Energy Expenditure
Pain Tolerance
Horticulture Employment
Prison, Probation, Offenders Programs
Vocational Rehabilitation Training
Psychiatry
Surgery Recovery
Stress

Program Types

Botanic Gardens
Community Gardens
Rehabilitative Medicine


The Profession of Horticultural Therapy

Population Groups

Older Adults

♦ Park, Sin-Ae, Candice A. Shoemaker, and Mark D. Haub. 2009. Physical and Psychological Health Conditions of Older Adults Classified as Gardeners or Nongardeners. HortScience 44(1):1-5.
♦ Park, Sin-Ae and Candice A. Shoemaker. 2009. Observing body position of older adults while gardening for health benefits and risks. Activities, Adaptations, and Aging 33, 31-38.
♦ Park, Sin-Ae, Candice A. Shoemaker, and Mark D. Haub. 2008. A preliminary investigation on exercise intensities of gardening tasks in older adults. Perceptual and Motor Skills 107, December 1, 974-980.
♦ Park, Sin-Ae, Candice A. Shoemaker, and Mark D. Haub. 2008. Can older gardeners meet the physical activity recommendation through gardening? HortTechnology 18(4) 639-643.
♦ Shoemaker, Candice A. and Mu-Chuan Lin. 2008. A model for healthy aging through horticulture. Acta Horticulturae 775, 93-98.
♦ Park, Sin-Ae. 2006. Gardening as a physical activity for health in older adults. (Ph.D. Dissertation)
♦ Kataoka, Miho. 2005. Metaphors derived from horticultural activities: Their influences on life experiences and culture of Japanese and American elderly living in the United States. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Kimura, Yoko. 2005. Physiological, emotional, and time flow perception responses to garden window views of older adults in waiting situations. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Lin, Mu-Chuan. 2004. Health-related influences of a gardening program on community-dwelling older adults. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Kiyota, Emi. 2000. Evaluating the influence of floral activities on the reminiscence of elderly people with severe cognitive impairment. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Kelley, Angela. 1995. Evaluating potential for intergenerational gardening programs established by Master Gardeners of Johnson County, Kansas. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Parrett, Lori. 1994. An analysis of horticultural therapy programs within Kansas long-term adult care facilities.
♦ Lewis, J.F. and R.H. Mattson. 1988. Gardening may reduce blood pressure of elderly people: Activity suggestions and models for intervention. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 3: 25-38.
♦ Fliegel, Johanna. 1988. Some influences of horticultural and social activities on blood pressure of elderly people. (M.S. Thesis)
McAndrew, William. 1980. An analysis of horticultural activities in Kansas licensed nursing homes. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Willcox, R.T. and R.H. Mattson. 1979. Horticultural therapy maintains life-satisfaction of geriatrics. Great Plains J. of Horticultural Therapy 1(1): 8-12.
♦ Crandall, Randy. 1975. Increasing effectiveness of horticultural therapy activities in a geriatric setting. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Train, Rena. 1974. The effect of horticultural therapy in maintaining the life-satisfaction of geriatrics. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Adults with Special Needs

♦ Cashatt, James. 2003. Evaluation of greenhouse strawberry container production modified for adults with special needs. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Waldemayer, Carol. 1992. Surveying greenhouse industry attitudes toward employability of people with mental disabilities. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Mattson, R.H., L.E. Doxon, and S. Moore. 1986. Apple picking productivity of developmentally disabled adults. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 1: 25-30.
♦ Shoemaker, J.E., R.H. Mattson, N.W. Miles, and T.A. Fretz. 1981. Horticulture for the disabled. HortScience 16(2): 118.
♦ Haller, Rebecca. 1978. Comparisons of horticultural and non-horticultural activities in the rehabilitation process of mildly retarded adults. (M.S. Thesis)

 

College Students

♦ Haines, Jeffrey. 2006. Indoor plants influence stress, testing performance, and information recall during college student examinations. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Cho, H. and R.H. Mattson. 2004. Affective response and group cohesion of female university students in horticultural lectures and laboratories. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 639: 45-50.
♦ Liu, M., E. Kim, and R.H. Mattson. 2003. Physiological and emotional influences of cut flower arrangements and lavender fragrance on university students. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 14: 18-27.
♦ Tomono, Takashi. 2003. Effects of interior plantings on psycho-physiological responses, self-rated mood states, and work productivity of college students working in a simulated office environment. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Bylinowski, Catherine. 2001. The personal, social, and cultural meaning of student gardening: A case study and evaluation of a university community garden. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Myer, Ilene. 1983. Assessing relationships between horticultural knowledge and mental well-being of female college students. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Youth

♦ Tsunoda, Tomoko. 2007. Visual and emotional environmental interpretation of landscapes and nature scenes by American and Japanese elementary school children. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ O’Brien, Suzanne A., and Candice A. Shoemaker. 2006. An after-school gardening club to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among fourth grade students: The assessment of social cognitive theory constructs. HortTechnology 16(1): 24-29.
♦ Poston, Suzanne A., Candice A. Shoemaker, and David Dzewalkowski. 2005. A comparison of a gardening and nutrition program with a standard nutrition program in an out-of-school setting. HortTechnology 15(3):463-467.
♦ Poston, Suzanne. 2004. Evaluation of a garden-based nutrition program for fourth and fifth grade students in out-of-school settings. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Yamaya, Y. and R.H. Mattson. 2004. Effect of horticultrural activities on environmental awareness and behavior of youth with learning disabilities. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 639: 207-214.
♦ Yamaya, Yuriko. 2002. Effects of horticultural activities on environmental awareness and behavior of youth with learning disabilities. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Kelley, Angela. 1995. Evaluating potential for intergenerational gardening programs established by Master Gardeners of Johnson County, Kansas. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Williams, P.N. and R.H. Mattson. 1988. Horticultural activities and demographic factors influence children’s slef-esteem. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 3: 39-54.
♦ Williams, Patrick. 1987. Horticultural activities and demographic factors influence children’s self-esteem. 
♦ Seyfried, Sally. 1982. Children and horticulture: Construction and evaluation of illustrated horticultural teaching aids. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Health Outcomes

Arthritis

♦ Gallagher, M.J. and R.H. Mattson. 1986. Evaluation of arthritis using the Horticulture Hand Capacities Test. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 1:31-36.

 

Cognition

♦ Liu, M., R.H. Mattson, and E. Kim. 2004. Influences of lavender fragrance and cut flower arrangements on cognitive performance. International J. of Aromatherapy 14: 169-174.

 

Energy Expenditure

♦ Park, Sin-Ae, Candice A. Shoemaker, and Mark D. Haub. 2008. How to measure exercise intensity of gardening tasks as a physical activity for older adults using metabolic equivalents. Acta Horticulturae 775, 37-40.
♦ Sugimoto, M. H. Cho, and R.H. Mattson. 2006. Biomonitoring human heart rate and caloric expenditure responses to horticultural activity. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 16: 20-27.

 

Pain Tolerance

♦ Park, S., R.H. Mattson, and E. Kim. 2004. Pain tolerance effects of ornamental plants in a simulated hospital patient room. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 639: 241-247.
♦ Park, Seong-Hyun. 2002. Pain tolerance and recovery effects of ornamental indoor plants in a simulated hospital patient room. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Surgery Recovery

♦ Park, S. and R.H. Mattson. 2009. Ornamental indoor plants in hospital rooms enhanced health outcomes of patients recovering from surgery. J. of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 15(9): 975-980. 
♦ Park, S. and R.H. Mattson. 2009. Therapeutic influences of plants in hospital rooms on surgical recovery. HortScience 44(1): 102-105.
♦ Park, S. and R.H. Mattson. 2008. Effects of flowering and foliage plants in hospital rooms on patients recovering from abdominal surgery. HortTechnology 18(4): 563-568.

 

Stress

♦ Haines, Jeffrey. 2006. Indoor plants influence stress, testing performance, and information recall during college student examinations. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Kim, E. and R.H. Mattson. 2002. Stress recovery effects of viewing red-flowering geraniums. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 12:4-12.
♦ Liu, M. and R.H. Mattson. 2000. Psycho-physiological and emotional influences of floral aroma on human stress. IN: Interaction by design: Bringing people and plants together for health and well-being. (Ed). C. Shoemaker, Iowa State Press, Ames, IA. pp. 317-318.
♦ Cho, H. and R.H. Mattson. 2000. Effect of horticultural activity on level of stress hormone and susceptibility to upper respiratory infection. Korean Plant People Environment Assoc. Conference Proceedings 12(8): 44-48.
♦ Kim, Eunhee. 1999. Human psycho-physiological and self-rated emotional responses to geranium visual stimuli during recovery from stress. (Ph.D. Dissertation)
♦ Coleman, C. and R.H. Mattson. 1995. Influences of foliage plants on human stress during thermal biofeedback training. HortTechnology 5(2): 137-140.
♦ Doxon, L.E., R.H. Mattson, and A.P. Jurish. 1987. Human stress reduction through horticultural vocational training. HortScience 4: 655-656.

 

Program Types

Botanic Gardens

♦ Owen, Patricia. 1994. The influence of a botanical garden experience on human health. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Daubert, James. 1981. The use of horticultural therapy at a public garden, park district, or county extension agency. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Community Gardens

♦ Bylinowski, Catherine. 2001. The personal, social, and cultural meaning of student gardening: A case study and evaluation of a university community garden. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Waliczek, T.M., R.H. Mattson, and J.M. Zajicek. 1996. Benefits of community gardening on quality-of-life issues. Journal of Environmental Horticulture 14(4): 204-209. 
♦ Schrader, Lisa. 1996. Relationships between community gardeners needs, horticultural species preferences and organic gardening methods. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Loyan, Bashir. 1995. Educational models for community garden programs in the United States and their potential application for sub-Saharan Africa. (Ph.D. Dissertation)
♦ Mattson, R.H., J. Merkle, B. Hassan, and T. Waliczek. 1994. The benefits of community gardening. Community Greening Review 4:13-15.
♦ Aquino, Gloria. 1994. Social and nutritional benefits of community gardens for Hispanic-Americans in New York City and Los Angeles.
♦ Waliczek, Tina. 1994. Community gardening and its influence on the perceptions of quality of life of community gardeners. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Merkle, Jeanne. 1993. Perceived benefits and economic aspects associated with community gardening. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Hassan, Bashir. 1990. Horticultural experience increases garden size and economic investment within a community garden program. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Shoemaker, Joan. 1982. Horticultural skill ratings, demographic characteristics, economic aspects, and social behaviors of community gardeners. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Clark, Gordon. 1980. Selected factors influencing the success of a community garden. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Horticulture Employment

♦ Hogan, Deborah. 1986. A study to determine the feasibility of placing trained mentally retarded individuals into horticultural jobs in the Philadelphia area. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Prison, Probation, Offenders Programs

♦ Hale, B., G. Marlow, R.H. Mattson, J.D. Nicholson, and C.A. Dempsey. 2006. A horticultural therapy probation program: Community supervised offenders. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 16: 38-49.

 

Vocational Rehabilitation Training

♦ May, Heather. 2006. An economic analysis of the increasing cost threat on horticultural vocational rehabilitation training programs. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Doxon, L.E., R.H. Mattson, and A.P. Jurish. 1987. Human stress reduction through horticultural vocational training. HortScience 4: 655-656.
♦ Doxon, Lynn. 1985. Measurement of physiological stress by personality type of developmental disabled adults in horticultural training. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Moore, Stephen. 1985. A self-reporting scale for indicating emotional states of developmentally disabled adult horticultural workers. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Priest, Mary. 1984. Assessing adult developmentally disabled client ability to discern horticultural crop quality. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Krell, Sheryl. 1983. Acquisition of horticultural work skills by mentally retarded adults using social reinforcement. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Shoemaker, Candice. 1982. Modeling a prevocational horticultural training method with trainable mentally retarded adults. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Haller, Rebecca. 1978. Comparisons of horticultural and non-horticultural activities in the rehabilitation process of mildly retarded adults. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Psychiatry

♦ Murphy, Lynn. 1977. Some effects of flower/non-flower table centerpieces on psychiatric patient and staff behavior. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Leiker, Nancy. 1975. Consideration for the development of horticultural therapy diagnostic evaluations within a psychiatric setting. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Farmer, Cindy. 1977. Patient/staff behavioral responses to flower arrangements within a private psychiatric hospital dining room. (M.S. Thesis)

 

Rehabilitative Medicine

♦ Orr, B., R.H. Mattson, N. Chambers, and M. Wichrowski. 2004. Factors affecting choice of horticultural therapy at the Rusk Institute of Rehabilitative Medicine. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 15: 6-14.
♦ Orr, Bracha. 2003. Factors affecting choice of horticultural therapy at the Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Brennan, Deborah. 1978. Horticultural therapy activities for rehabilitation of physically disabled children. (M.S. Thesis)

 

The Profession of Horticultural Therapy

♦ Shoemaker, Candice A. 2004. Horticultural therapy: Comparisons with other allied therapies and current status of the profession. Acta Horticulturae 639:173-178. 
♦ Shoemaker, Candice A. 2003. An analysis of registered horticultural therapists. Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture14:50-55. 
♦ Shoemaker, Candice A. 2002. The profession of horticultural therapy compared with other allied therapies. Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture 13:74-81.
♦ Liu, M., Q. Zhang, and R.H. Mattson. 2001. Development and application of horticultural therapy in the United States. Symposium of the 9th Chinese Horticultural Society Annual Conference: 351-356.
♦ Stober, Penny. 1994. A survey of horticultural therapy professional issues. (M.S. Thesis)
♦ Stober, P. and R.H. Mattson. 1993. A survey of horticultural therapy professional issues. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 7:23-40.
♦ Mattson, R.H., J. Merkle, L. Parrett, and T. Waliczek. 1993. Proposed horticultural therapy standards of practice. J. of Therapeutic Hort. 7:41-48. 
♦ Murphy, Patrice. 1982. Development and evaluations of domain referenced items for professionals in horticultural therapy. (M.S. Thesis)
♦Mattson, R.H. 1979. An analysis of horticultural therapy job development. Great Plains J. of Horticultural Therapy 1(2):2-7.