1. K-State home
  2. »HNR
  3. »Graduate Programs
  4. »Degrees
  5. »M.S.

Horticulture and Natural Resources

M.S.

The Master of Science degree is offered with thesis or non-thesis (Report) option.

M.S. Thesis option: All students must complete prescribed courses and conduct original research under the supervision of the major professor and the advisory committee on a selected problem related to horticulture, park management and conservation, or wildlife and outdoor enterprise management. A hypothesis must be proposed and tested. A review of the literature in the selected area of study should precede the experimental work. The data collected must be analyzed, interpreted, and presented in the form of seminars and a bound thesis and appropriate peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals.

M.S. Non-thesis option: All students must complete prescribed courses and conduct in-depth study under the supervision of the major professor and the advisory committee on a selected problem related to horticulture, park management and conservation, or wildlife and outdoor enterprise management. A review of the literature in the selected area of study should precede the development of a comprehensive research report, in lieu of an experimental research-based thesis. A Non-thesis Master's degree is expected to be a terminal degree, not suitable for students planning to continue their education in a doctoral program.

Student Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Master's program students will be able to demonstrate their

  • knowledge and competence in specific areas, issues, and problems in your field of study
  • knowledge in allied and relevant areas in your field of study to foster creativity and problem-solving skills
  • ability for critical and independent thinking in analyzing information and identifying valid scientific problems
  • ability to plan, design and develop strategies to solve problems using sound scientific methodologies
  • ability to conduct scientific investigation to solve problems and accomplish the set objectives (Thesis Option)
  • ability to effectively communicate in various formats and settings
  • awareness of ethical and professional conduct and responsibility to profession and community

Please go to the Urban Food Systems specialization page for the specialization Student Learning Outcomes.

Advisory Committee

The advisory committee is made up of a minimum of three members of the Graduate Faculty with the majority from the Department of Horticulture and Natural Resources. The advisory committee must be chosen during the student's first semester in residence. The major professor will serve as chair of the advisory committee. Students and their major professors share joint responsibility to set up and hold meetings of the student's advisory committee at least once each year.

The advisory committee will assist the student in formulating a program of study, review the student's thesis/project proposal, and make suggestions concerning the course of graduate study. The advisory committee will conduct a final oral examination that may include a defense of the thesis or report, an interpretation of other scholarly activities, and a testing of the student's understanding of their field of study.

The student should consider her/his major professor as the first source for policy information, advisory guidance and access to resources of the Department and University needed to complete all requirements for graduation.

Program of Study

The program of study will be developed initially through consultation between the major professor and the student. Courses to be taken should fit into a unified plan aimed at providing the student with a comprehensive background in the chosen area of interest. Initiative in program design by the student is encouraged. The program should be presented at the initial meeting with the Advisory Committee. The program of study form is available from the Graduate School.

Course and research credit requirements are as follows, except for the Urban Food Systems specialization:

  • At least 30 credit hours beyond a B.S. degree
  • 2 credit hours of Horticulture Graduate Seminar (HORT 951)
  • At least 3 credit hours of Research Methods and/or Scientific Writing (AGCOM 810 recommended)
  • At least 3 credit hours of 700 level or above Statistic courses
  • At least 6 credit hours of Thesis Research (HORT 899) OR at least 2 credit hours of Non-thesis Research (HORT 898)
  • Other courses to be selected with major advisor and committee

Master's students should earn a significant majority of their credit hours in courses numbered 700 or above. Therefore, of the 30 credit hours normally required for the master's program of study at least 18 hours should be at the 700 level and above, including the thesis/research and the report/problems hours required by the thesis and report options. Courses at the 600-level may be included, but 500-level courses in the student's major area (department) are expected to have been completed as undergraduate prerequisites to graduate study or as undergraduate deficiency courses assigned upon admission. The use of 500- level supporting courses in master's programs is therefore restricted as follows: (1) No course in the student's major area may be at the 500 level, and (2) normally no more than 6 credit hours may be at the 500 level. In addition, no more than 3 hours in problems or other individualized courses may be applied to the master's degree.

Upon approval by the major professor and advisory committee, the student will submit his/her program of study to the Graduate School. The program of study must be approved and submitted to the Graduate School prior to the end of the student's second semester (excluding summer semester). All changes in the program of study must be approved by the advisory committee, Department Head, and Graduate School.

<<Top of Page

Graduate Research for Thesis Option

All Thesis Option graduate students must conduct original research, under the supervision of the major professor and the advisory committee, on a selected problem related to Horticulture, Park Management and Conservation or Wildlife and Outdoor Enterprise Management. A Research Proposal must be developed as the first step in the research process. The Research proposal should demonstrate a sufficient level of understanding of the researchable problem, the appropriate methodology, and scientific rationale to be approved by the student's advisory committee. The experimental data collected must be analyzed, interpreted, and presented in the form of a bound thesis (M.S.) (Candidates for the M.S., Non-thesis Option, must submit a research report in lieu of a thesis).

The research proposal should be presented to the advisory committee for their approval and recommendations prior to the end of the student's second semester (excluding summer semester). A baseline expectation for all Thesis Option students is that they develop a brief research proposal that addresses each of the following elements pertinent to developing scientific research skills:

  1. one or more testable hypotheses
  2. clear research objectives
  3. rationale for the proposed research, including a scientific literature review and, if available, preliminary data
  4. feasible proposed research methodology
  5. expected outcomes
  6. potential impact
  7. pertinent literature citations

The process of developing a concise research proposal is an appropriate and necessary prerequisite for the eventual completion of the research thesis.

<<Top of Page

Outreach / Extension Experience

All graduate students are required to have at least two Outreach/Extension Experiences.

An outreach experience gives students exposure to a potential area of employment, adds to their expertise in their field of study, and helps them gain empathy for the industry and public that the discipline serves. Each student must participate in two of the three general categories listed below. Major advisers should arrange for these experiences, and the activities are ideally decided on at the time of filing the Program of Study. After completion of the extension experience, the activities conducted must be briefly described and documented by the student in a memo addressed to the Director of Graduate Programs.

I. Developing and Communicating Information

  1. Present research-generated information in a form and in a medium designed to reach either the general public or industry.
  2. Prepare and present a talk on a horticultural, park management and conservation, or wildlife and outdoor management topic to an audience of non-scientists; examples include garden clubs, commodity groups, and extension meetings.
  3. Use an alternative or creative medium to deliver information; examples are websites, television or radio, on-farm or other demonstrations, or materials delivered electronically.

II. Interacting with the Public

  1. Assist in developing and conducting a commodity or other meeting designed to attract a large and diverse audience. Assisting with only clerical or audiovisual equipment duties does not fulfill the spirit of this requirement.
  2. Participate in the planning and execution of a tour. This could involve a facility tour or it could involve scheduling visits for a group of professionals, including international groups.
  3. Travel with an extension specialist on assignment for at least three days, which need not be consecutive.
  4. Assist in responding to requests for horticultural or natural resources information from extension agents.

III. Public Service

  1. Presenting programs or developing materials for public or private schools, including preschools, in your field of study.
  2. Presenting programs or developing materials for other educational institutions or groups, in your field of study.

The student may undertake an extension activity not described herein subject to approval by his/her major adviser and the Director of Graduate Programs. Waiver of this experience must be requested at the time that the Plan of Study is submitted, and it will only be approved for students with extensive backgrounds in extension. Waiver requests submitted near the completion of a student's degree will not be considered.

<<Top of Page

Thesis

The thesis is based on original research conducted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the M.S. degree and is prepared under the supervision of the major professor. It must be approved by the advisory committee. The thesis may be written either in journal paper format, with each chapter prepared as an independent manuscript (strongly recommended), or in the "classical" chronological style.

A copy of a draft of the thesis that has been reviewed and approved by the major professor is given to each member of the advisory committee at least two weeks prior to the thesis defense date (final oral examination, see below). More than one review by the advisory committee may be needed prior to full committee approval.

<<Top of Page

Report

Students in the non-thesis option must prepare a report based on in-depth study on a selected problem related to their field of study under the supervision of the major professor. It must be approved by the advisory committee. The format of the report is generally more flexible and is based on the intended outcomes of the in-depth study.

A copy of the draft of the report that has been reviewed and approved by the major professor is given to each member of the advisory committee at least two weeks prior to the final oral examination (see below). More than one review by the advisory committee may be needed prior to full committee approval.

<<Top of Page

Final Oral Examination (Thesis Defense or Non-thesis Exam)

Prior to scheduling the final oral examination, all changes to the student's program of study must be approved and any incomplete or deferred grades (except HORT 898 or 899) resolved. The defense/examination is scheduled after the thesis/report has been reviewed by all members of the advisory committee. The committee should have the thesis in hand at least two weeks prior to the oral examination. Students must be registered for at least one (1) credit hour during the semester of the final oral examination.

A departmental seminar based on the student's thesis research or project report will precede the examination. Final examinations are open to all members of the graduate faculty. Notice of the seminar and final examination should be done at least one week prior to the examination. The thesis/report and the student's performance on the final oral examination must be approved by a majority of the committee members (a candidate fails if two or more of the committee indicate a failed examination). If a candidate fails the examination, the examination must be retaken in the time period of 2 to 15 months. Only one re-examination is allowed.

<<Top of Page

Departmental Seminars

Graduate students, like faculty, are expected to attend and participate in departmental seminars each semester, not just semesters when they are enrolled in Seminar Class (HORT 951). Seminars provide the department faculty and graduate students an opportunity to share current research activities and results as well as hear current topical presentations by invited guests from the campus, industry, or other universities or agencies.

Seminar Requirements

Seminar Schedule

<<Top of Page